‘The Bonds That Unite?’ Historical Perspectives on European Solidarity

International Conference, June 23-25, 2016, University of Augsburg

Conference Venue: Evangelisches Forum Annahof, Im Annahof 4, 86150 Augsburg

Chair for Contemporary History (University Augsburg) / Research Network on the History of the Idea of Europe (www.historyideaofeurope.org), supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG), the Jakob-Fugger-Zentrum (JFZ) and the Association of Friends of the University of Augsburg (GDF).

Organization: Matthew D’Auria (University of East Anglia) / Florian Greiner (University of Augsburg) / Jan Vermeiren (University of East Anglia)

The concept of “solidarity” is fundamental to the European project. While pro-European intellectuals had long applied it as a more or less abstract reference, the concept evolved into a solid cornerstone of European unity after the Second World War. The notion of a European solidarity union was essential to validating the integration process and had always been a component of redistribution policies on the supra-national level.

Our conference will examine various manifestations and interpretations of the solidarity concept in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries. How did the pioneers of European unity define and conceptualize “European solidarity”? Which forms of international solidarity were actually practiced in Europe? And what were the limits of the “European solidarity union”? In so doing, the conference will address a highly topical and political problem: How much solidarity does the European enterprise need?



Thursday, 23.06.2016

12:00 p.m. Registration  


12.25 p.m. Welcoming Remarks

Dietmar Süß (University of Augsburg)


12:30-12:45 p.m.  Introduction

Florian Greiner (University of Augsburg): Approaches to the Contemporary History of European Solidarity


12:45-2:15 p.m. Session 1: Political Ideas of European Solidarity Before 1945

Giuseppe Foscari (University of Salerno): The Europe of the Peoples in the ‘Prophecy’ of Mazzini

Silvana Sciarrotta (University of Salerno): Political Ideas of European Solidarity and the Shaping of Public Discourse: The Case of ‘Les Etats-Unis d’Europe’

Richard Deswarte (University of East Anglia): Édouard Herriot and Notions of European Solidarity: An Interrogation

Chair and Discussant: Günther Kronenbitter (University of Augsburg)


Coffee Break


2:45-4:15 p.m. Session 2: Intellectuals and Concepts of European Solidarity in the 19th and Early 20th Century

Amotz Giladi (Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, Paris): Pan-Latinism in the European Space: Between Solidarity and Rivalries

Matthew D’Auria (University of East Anglia): Classical Sociology between National, Cosmopolitan and European ‘Solidarity’

Tara Windsor (Trinity College Dublin): ‘Übernationale Solidarität’: Thomas Mann’s Idea(s) of Europe and the International PEN Club after the First World War

Chair and Discussant: Marcello Gisondi (University of Lugano)


4:15-5:30 p.m. Session 3: Conceptions of European Solidarity During the World Wars

Jan Vermeiren (University of East Anglia): Notions of Solidarity and Integration in Times of War: The Idea of Europe, 1914-1918

Johannes Dafinger (University of Klagenfurt): Show Solidarity, Live Solitarily – The Nazi Europe as a ‘Family of Peoples’

Chair and Discussant: Martina Steber (University of Konstanz)


6:30-7:45 p.m. Keynote (HS 1010, Law Faculty)

Gerard Delanty (University of Sussex): Solidarity and European Identity: Contradictions and Future Possibilities
8:00 p.m. Dinner (Ristorante Il Porcino, Salomon-Idler-Straße 24B)


Friday, 24.06.2016

9:00-10:15 a.m.  Session 4: European Solidarity in the Thinking of Leading Politicians after 1945

Mathias Haeussler (University of Cambridge): ‘The Greater the Relative Success of Germany, the Longer the Memory of Auschwitz Will Last’: Concepts of ‘Solidarity’ in Helmut Schmidt’s European Thought 1945-82

Frederike Schotters (University of Duisburg-Essen): Mitterrand’s Europe — Functions and Limits of ‘European Solidarity’ in French Policy during the 1980s

Chair and Discussant: Peter Pichler (University of Graz)


Coffee Break


10:45 a.m.-12:00 p.m.  Session 5: European Solidarity and its Limits in 1970s Politics

Eva Oberloskamp (Institute of Contemporary History, Munich): Expressions and Limits of European Solidarity with West Germany during its Fight Against Left-Wing Terrorism in the 1970s

Henning Türk (University of Mainz): The Limits of Solidarity – The EC Countries, the Washington Energy Conference and the Foundation of the International Energy Agency 1974

Chair and Discussant: Cathie Carmichael (University of East Anglia)


12:00-2:00 p.m.  Lunch


2:00-4:15 p.m. Session 6: Solidarity as a Guiding Concept for Trade Unions and in European Social Policy

Christian Roy (Centre International de Formation Européenne, Nice): European Vital Minimum and Guaranteed Income: Ordre Nouveau’s Pre-War Personalist Scheme for Continent-Wide Solidarity and its Federalist Legacy

Severin Cramm (University of Hildesheim): Organised Solidarity? On the Cooperation of European Trade Unions after 1945

Karim Fertikh (EHESS Paris) / Heike Wieters (Humboldt University of Berlin): The Dead Live Longer? The Emergence of European Social Policy in Transnational Constellation, 1950-1970

Marialuisa Lucia Sergio (Istituto Italiano di Studi Germanici, Rome): The Christian Democratic Solidarity Concept and European Social Policy: New Socio-Economic Challenges at the Turn of the 1970s

Chair and Discussant: Dietmar Süß (University of Augsburg)


Coffee Break


4:45-6:00 p.m. Session 7: European Solidarity in Eastern Europe

Olena Palko (University of East Anglia): ‘Solidarity of the Shaken’ or ‘a Revolution in Compassion’: The Concept of Solidarity in Eastern Europe in the 1960s-1980s

Federico Leonardi (Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan): Energy or Form? Europe according to Jan Patočka

Chair and Discussant: Maren Röger (University of Augsburg)


6:00-7:15 p.m. Keynote

Wolfgang Schmale (University of Vienna): European Solidarity: A History
8:00 p.m. Conference Dinner (Riegele Biergarten, Frölichstraße 26, 86150 Augsburg)


Saturday, 25.06.2016

9:00-10:30 a.m. Session 8: Transnational Solidarity and the European Position in the (Post-) Colonial World

Jeff Roquen (Independent Scholar, Chicago): Crashing the States-System: The Triumph of International Law and ‘Humanity’ in the Making and Unmaking of Continental Solidarity, 1870-1920

Christian Methfessel (University of Erfurt): European Solidarity for the Sake of Imperial Expansion, Colonialism for the Sake of European Solidarity: English and German Public Debates on Colonial Wars and Imperialist Interventions around 1900

Anna Konieczna (University of Oxford): Europe, South Africa and Transnational Solidarities: The Western European Anti-Apartheid Movement(s), 1959-1990

Chair and Discussant: Daniel Maul (University of Oslo)


Coffee Break


11:00 a.m.-12:15 p.m. Session 9: Migration, Development Aid and European Solidarity

Brian Shaev (University of Gothenburg): Socialist Solidarity for Migrants? Socialists and the Free Movement of Workers in the Early European Communities, 1953-64

Jenny Pleinen (University of Augsburg): The Dilemma of European Aid to Developing Countries: Act of Solidarity or Means of Forestalling Migration?

Chair and Discussant: Peter A. Kraus (University of Augsburg)


12:15-12:45 p.m. Final Discussion and Concluding Remarks

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